Edit made on September 03, 2009 by ColinWright at 11:53:32
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In Non-Euclidean Geometry we replace the fifth postulate (axiom)
with an alternative version.
Here are the first four axioms of Euclidean Geometry
One statement of the fifth postulate is that given a line and a
* Any two points can be joined by a straight line.
* Any straight line segment can be extended indefinitely in a straight line.
* Given any straight line segment, a circle can be drawn having the segment as radius and one endpoint as centre.
* All right angles are congruent.
In Non-Euclidean Geometry we use the first four axioms of
Euclidean geometry and then replace the fifth postulate
(axiom) with an alternative version.
One version of the fifth postulate is that given a line and a
point outside it, there is exactly one line through the point
parallel with the given line. We therefore get two alternative
* No possible parallel lines
** Spherical Geometry
** Angles in triangle add up to more than 180 degrees
* Many possible parallel lines
** Hyperbolic geometry
** Angles in triangle add up to less than 180 degrees
*** See Poincares Disc