In 1706 mathematician William Jones, born
in the small village of Llanfihangel Tre'r Beirdd
on Anglesey, became the first person to use the
16th letter of the Greek alphabet to represent
the ratio of the circumference of a circle to
its diameter. Previously the ratio was known as
the Ludolphian number, after Ludolph van Ceulen,
a German mathematician. 
